1901: The Opening Year

Hotel Metropole Hanoi book cover

What else happened in the world in 1901, the opening year of Hanoi’s “Grand Hôtel Metropole”?

Opening of famous hotels around the world:

The world celebrates the beginning of the 20th century.
The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia. Edmund Barton becomes first Prime Minister.
Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.

January 22
Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom dies at age 81, after more than 63 years on the throne, and her son the Prince of Wales formally succeeds her as King Edward VII.
The Grand Opera House in Cincinnati is destroyed in a fire.
In Hanoi the city officials decide to build an Opera House.

Treaty signed by United Kingdom and United States, ceding control of the Panama Canal to the United States
J Pierpont Morgan buys mines and steel mills in the United States, marking the first billion dollar business deal
First public telephones at railway stations in Paris
Boxer Rebellion leaders, executed in Peking
In South Africa as Boers continue to demand autonomy.

United Kingdom, Germany and Japan protest at Sino-Russian agreement on Manchuria.
United States President William McKinley begins his second term. Theodore Roosevelt becomes Vice President of the United States.
Irish nationalist demonstrators ejected by police from House of Commons of the United Kingdom in London.
In Bremen, an assassin attempts to kill Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany.
A showing of 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
Student riots in St Petersburg and Moscow.

New York State becomes the first to require automobile license plates.

Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
The U.S. stock market crashes.
Iran (known as Persia until 1935) grants William Knox D’Arcy a concession, giving him the right to prospect for oil.

Katsura Taro becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
Cuba becomes a U.S. protectorate.

The 1,282 foot (390 m) covered bridge crossing the St. John River at Hartland, New Brunswick, Canada opens. It is the longest covered bridge in the world.
William Howard Taft becomes Governor-General of the Philippines.
O. Henry, an American writer, is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving 3 years for embezzlement from the First National Bank in Austin, Texas.

Silliman University is the first American private school in the Philippines.
Peter O’Connor sets the first International Association of Athletics Federations recognised long jump world record of 24 ft 11¾ins. The record will stand for 20 years.
Discovery Expedition: Robert Falcon Scott sets sail on the RRS Discovery to explore the Ross Sea in Antarctica.
Hubert Cecil Booth patents an electric vacuum cleaner.
In Hanoi, the Grand Hôtel Metropole opens its doors.

The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States following the assassination of William McKinley. He becomes famous for his phrase, “Speak softly and carry a big stick”.

The Royal Navy’s first submarine is launched at Barrow.

Auguste Deter is first examined by German psychiatrist Dr Alois Alzheimer, leading to a diagnosis of the condition that will carry his name.

The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death.
Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal, sent from Poldhu in England to Newfoundland, Canada; it is the letter “S” in Morse.

Also that year:
Scotland Yard creates a fingerprint archive.
William S. Harley draws up plans for his first prototype motorcycle.
Shō Tai (Shang Tai), the last king of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in modern Okinawa, Japan, dies.
New Zealand inventor Ernest Godward invents the spiral hairpin, one of the most widely used devices on the planet.
RMS Lucania is the first Cunard ship to receive a Wireless Radio set.


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